Modern human beings have a wide-ranging and varied diet, but it’s still not always easy to get the optimal mix of vitamins and minerals. Many of us take a daily multivitamin designed to ensure that we get enough of these vital elements our body needs.
We of course want the best health for our pets too. We want to keep their minds sharp, bodies strong, and moods bright. It seems logical that a daily multivitamin would be beneficial for their health as well. To help, we reviewed hundreds of products and thousands of verified reviews to find the 7 best dog multivitamins available on the market.
Top Picks for Dog Multivitamins
1. PetHonesty Dog Multivitamin with Glucosamine
The PetHonesty 10 for 1 dog multivitamin packs a host of vitamins and minerals in an easy to eat chewable form. It’s made in the USA from all-natural ingredients, and supports areas from brain health to immune system functioning. Other added benefits include probiotics for digestion, as well as glucosamine for joint care.
- Soft chew dog multivitamins with added probiotics
- Contains 23 different vitamins and minerals including vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, C, D3, E, Zinc, Glucosamine, Niacin, and Omega 3 Fatty Acids
- Also made with carrots, sweet potato, and pumpkin
- Ingredients support healthy skin and coat, digestion, immune response, brain functioning, and joint health.
- Chicken flavor
- 90 soft chews per container
- Made in the USA in a GMP certified facility
- Suitable for all breed sizes
- 100% all-natural with no added preservatives
- Also available in a senior dog option
- Can get expensive for those with larger dogs as the dosage is one chew per 25 pounds of weight
2. Pro-Sense Dog Vitamin Solutions for All-Life Stages
If you’re testing out dog vitamins for the first time and don’t want to invest too much, Pro-Sense Dog Vitamins is the best bang for your buck option at around $2 per bottle. But don’t let the price fool you, Pro-Sense comes packed with essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that support immune health, energy, and a healthy skin & coat.
- Daily dog multivitamin in chewable tablet form
- Contains vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, C, D3, E, Zinc, and others
- 90 chewable vitamin tablets per bottle
- The most affordable option on our list
- Suitable for all breed sizes and ages
- Made in the USA
- Certified through the NASC (National Animal Supplement Council)
- Large tablets are not as appetizing as other flavored soft-chew options
- Contains an essential mix of vitamins and minerals, but does not contain “premium” ingredients such as MSM, fish oil, etc. like other options
3. Pet Naturals of Vermont Daily Multivitamin for Dogs
The PetNaturals of Vermont Daily Dog Multivitamin is an affordable soft chew multivitamin containing a veterinarian formulated blend of 21 different supplements for optimal dog health.
- Daily multivitamin for dogs in soft chew form
- Contains 21 different nutrients for optimal coat, digestion health, and organ functioning
- Supplements include calcium, phosphorous, potassium, magnesium, iron, zinc, vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B12, C, D3, E, and more
- Made without corn, wheat, or artificial ingredients
- Each jar contains 150 bite sized chews
- Veterinarian formulated blend of vitamins and minerals
- Suitable for all breed sizes and ages
- Affordable option given the amount of chews per bottle
- NASC approved vitamin
- Comes with 100% satisfaction guarantee
- Made in the USA, though some ingredients are sourced from other countries. That being said, PetNaturals is FDA and AAFCO regulated, and a member of the FDS.
4. Zesty Paws Multivitamin Treats for Dogs
Zesty Paws Everyday Vitality is a comprehensive multivitamin and supplement in a chicken flavored soft chew. In addition to essential vitamins and nutrients, Zesty Paws contains glucosamine and MSM for joint health, as well as cod liver oil to support a healthy coat and skin.
- Daily dog multivitamin soft chews in chicken flavor
- Contains vitamins, minerals, and other healthy ingredients meant to support skin, brain, heart, and immune systems.
- Ingredients include vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, D3, E, manganese, folic acid, and others.
- Each jar contains 90 soft chews
- For use in dogs only
- Includes probiotics for digestion
- Supports joint health with MSM, glucosamine, and chondroitin sulfate
- Also contains cod liver oil for healthy skin and coat
- Does not contain corn, wheat, soy, or artificial flavorings or preservatives
- Suitable for all ages and breed sizes
- Made in the USA, though some ingredients are sourced from other countries. (Zesty Paws is FDA and AAFCO regulated)
- On the pricier side of options
5. VetriScience Canine Plus Everyday Multivitamin
VetriScience Canine Plus is a solid multivitamin choice with 30 vitamins and minerals packed into a daily soft chew. VetriScience’s mix of vitamins, amino acids, and omega 3s from fish oil help support a range of healthy functions in your dog.
- Dog multivitamin soft chews in chicken liver flavor
- Contains over 30 ingredients including calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, fish oil, iron, copper, zinc, vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B12, C, D3, E, and more.
- 30 soft chews per bag
- Suitable for all ages, sizes, and breeds
- Can be used as a supplement for a homemade or raw diet
- Manufactured in the USA
- Does not include ingredients for joint health or probiotics for digestion
- Not fully all natural (contains a preservative)
6. Doggie Dailies 5-in-1 Multivitamin for Dogs
Doggie Dailies 5-in-1 is a daily multivitamin that covers five different areas of a dog’s health: digestion, skin and coat, joints, immune, and cardiovascular. Ingredients range from essential vitamins and minerals to prebiotics and enzymes for enhanced digestion.
- Daily dog soft chew multivitamin
- Promotes health in 5 areas: proper digestion, skin and coat, joints, immune systems, and cardiovascular health
- Ingredients include biotin, folic acid, niacin, pantothenic acid, vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B12, C, D3, and E
- Includes MSM for joint health, as well as a prebiotic and enzyme blend for digestion
- Peanut butter flavored
- Comes in 225 soft chews
- Affordable price given the amount of chews per package
- Does not contain palm oil
- Suitable for all ages and breed sizes
- Manufactured in the USA in a GMP compliant facility
- 100% “no questions asked” money back guarantee
- Only available in peanut butter flavor
7. Zesty Paws Multivitamin for Senior Dogs
For those looking for a multivitamin for a senior dog, a top choice is the Zesty Paws Multivitamin Bites for Seniors. Similar to the regular Zesty Paws multivitamin, this soft chew contains a multitude of vitamins and minerals, in addition to support for joints, bladder function, and cognitive health — perfect for an older dog.
- Daily multivitamin soft chew
- Formulated specifically for senior dogs
- Includes vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, D3, E, and others
- Each jar contains 90 soft chews
- Complete with extra joint support for geriatric dogs including turmeric, curcumin, MSM, chondroitin, and glucosamine
- Helps skin and coat health with cod liver oil
- Contains a specific vitamin complex for kidney and urinary tract support
- No artificial flavorings or preservatives
- Chicken flavored
- Pricier compared to other options
- Made in the USA, though some ingredients are sourced from other countries. (Zesty Paws is FDA and AAFCO regulated)
Dog Multivitamin Buying Guide
While the majority of dogs are able to get proper nutrition from their commercial kibble diet, there are always exceptions. Particularly active dogs like working herd dogs, professional athletes, hunting dogs, and many others, may benefit from a supplement. Your veterinarian may also suggest a multivitamin to treat a health condition, to supplement a homemade or raw diet, or to support a dog with a poor appetite. Senior dogs with decreased mobility and cognitive function may also require a supplement.
While dog food with the “complete and balanced” labeling on it has to meet adequate health recommendations from AAFCO, it doesn’t mean that it’s providing optimum levels of each vitamin or mineral. Under the right circumstances, a canine multivitamin could lead to improvements in skin and coat health, immunity, digestion, and cognition — even for an otherwise healthy dog.
A List of Essential Vitamins for Your Dog
Each vitamin in a dog multivitamin has a specific role in improving the health of your pet, but many of them can also trigger negative effects in excessive quantities. Vitamins can be put into two broad categories—water-soluble and fat-soluble. We’ll dive into detail for each vitamin to describe the functions it supports and the potential symptoms that could arise if your dog is deficient.
Water-soluble vitamins are vitamins that dissolve in water. Water-soluble vitamins are more easily absorbed into the system than fat-soluble vitamins and are therefore metabolized more quickly and must also be replenished more often. Excesses of water-soluble vitamins are typically excreted through urination, making overdosing on these vitamins difficult.
Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Vitamin B1, better known as thiamine, is used by the body to metabolize carbohydrates. Dogs with low levels of thiamine will first develop stomach upsets, a lack of appetite, and weight loss, followed by neuromuscular weakness and decreased light response from the pupils.
When taken in excess, this vitamin may cause some muscle relaxation and drowsiness, but it is rapidly expelled from the system via urination.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
Vitamin B2, or riboflavin, is a crucial component for the body in metabolizing proteins and it forms the mucous membranes that line your dog’s digestive tract. Canines who are deficient in riboflavin are likely to experience hair loss, dermatitis, anorexia, and general weakness. Extreme deficiencies may lead to the development of sores in the mucous membranes and fainting spells.
Vitamin B3 (niacin)
Niacin, also known as Vitamin B3, is used in the creation of important chemical signal molecules. It helps with the synthesis of hormones, lowers cholesterol, and enhances memory. Chronic deficiencies can lead to a condition known as black-tongue, which can result in anorexia, inflammation of the oral mucosa, weight loss, bloody diarrhea, and, if not treated, can lead to death.
High doses of niacin are sometimes used to lower dangerously high cholesterol levels, but excessive levels of Vitamin B3 can occasionally cause liver damage.
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
Vitamin B5, pantothenic acid, is involved with the creation of neurotransmitters. It is often referred to as the anti-stress vitamin due to its connection to the production of adrenal hormones and antibodies. A deficiency in this vitamin may cause your canine companion to be anxious, nauseous, and fatigued.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
Vitamin B6 sometimes referred to as pyridoxine, is essential for the metabolism of amino acids. While this vitamin is found in a variety of food sources, it is easily destroyed by the manufacturing process. Low quantities of this vitamin can lead to a variety of alarming symptoms and conditions, including the formation of skin lesions, cavities, and kidney stones. Some dogs may even develop epileptic seizures.
Although B6 is excreted quickly through the urine, excessive amounts of this vitamin may sometimes lead to muscle weakness and ataxia, a condition characterized by a lack of bodily control.
Vitamin B7 (biotin)
Biotin is another name for Vitamin B7. This vitamin contributes heavily to the production of collagen and elastin, the components responsible for the rigidity or elasticity of the skin as well as the formation of hair and nails. Biotin deficiency in dogs can lead to anemia, cracked or dry skin, skin lesions, and lethargy.
Dogs who eat raw egg whites on a regular basis may be at a higher risk for biotin deficiencies. Raw egg whites contain a protein called avidin, which binds with biotin and prevents it from being absorbed. Occasional raw eggs will not cause a biotin deficiency but may come with other risks like Salmonella poisoning. Cooking egg whites changes the structure of the avidin and prevents it from binding with biotin.
Vitamin B9 (folic acid)
Vitamin B9 is usually referred to as folic acid, and it is needed for the proper synthesis of DNA and the production of red blood cells. Ensuring that your canine companion has enough folic acid in their diet will help strengthen your pet’s cell membranes and prevent depression. This vitamin is particularly important during pregnancy, and deficiencies can lead to serious and life-threatening birth defects in the puppies.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin)
Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is a crucial vitamin for your dog’s nervous system and digestive health. It has a particularly critical role in the absorption of iron. Reduced cobalamin levels in your canine companion’s blood can lead to anemia, resulting in lethargy, weakness, loss of appetite, weight loss, diarrhea, confusion, and seizures.
Deficiencies in vitamin B12 are usually due to malabsorption rather than a lack of the vitamin in the diet. Certain breeds, including Australian Shepherds, Border Collies, Beagles, Giant Schnauzers, and Chinese Shar-Peis, are more prone to developing malabsorption problems due to genetic susceptibility.
Vitamin C is an extremely valuable supplement for keeping humans healthy. Our cells are not able to perform the last step of biosynthesis and we cannot create this vitamin in our bodies. Dogs, on the other hand, are able to synthesize vitamin C in their livers, and rarely need supplementation.
Supplementation with this vitamin may be able to reduce pain related to hip dysplasia somewhat, as well as adding a layer protection from bladder stones and urinary tract infections. Overdoses of vitamin C can lead to diarrhea, nausea, and kidney stones, as well as possibly interfering with prescription medications, including certain blood thinners.
Fat-soluble vitamins dissolve in fat rather than in water, so they must be absorbed by fat globules before they can move into the bloodstream. They are more difficult to absorb than water-soluble vitamins, but they are also stored longer, usually in the liver and other fatty tissues. This also gives fat-soluble vitamins a better chance to build up, making overdoses more likely.
Vitamin A boosts the immune system and assists in the proper functioning of several of the organs, including the heart, lungs, and kidneys. It is also critical to reproduction and vision, especially night vision. Dogs who are deficient in Vitamin A may develop vision problems as well as skin and coat problems.
This vitamin is of particular importance for anyone who is planning on breeding their animals. Female dogs deficient in Vitamin A may not ovulate properly and males may become sterile. Pups who don’t get enough Vitamin A may also have low growth rates and can develop muscle weakness and skeletal disorders as well.
Excess Vitamin A in the system can lead to the development of Vitamin A toxicity, however. Vitamin A toxicity leads to new bone growth around the animal’s joints, which creates stiffness and pain.
Vitamin D, often referred to as the sunshine vitamin, is vital for regulating the balance between calcium and phosphorus. For humans, this vitamin is produced by the skin in response to sunlight, but your dog’s skin has no such response. Canines must get their entire ration of Vitamin D from their food.
This valuable vitamin helps our canine companions maintain strong bones, and is partly responsible for controlling inflammation. Vitamin D deficiency can lead to weak or soft bones, chronic kidney disease, or hyperparathyroidism.
Unfortunately, excess levels of Vitamin D can be dangerous too. Dogs who have overdosed on vitamin D may have very little appetite. Early signs of vitamin D toxicity include throwing up, drinking and urinating more, and drooling excessively. If not addressed by a veterinary professional, these symptoms can progress to kidney failure.
Vitamin E is a vital component of your dog’s health and well-being. It not only helps to develop a healthy circulatory and immune system, but it also protects the body’s cells by zapping free radicals with highly reactive electrons on its outer shell. Deficient amounts of vitamin E in the blood can lead to poor vision, dry and cracking skin, reproductive dysfunction, and neurologic abnormalities.
Vitamin K is a multifaceted vitamin that doesn’t get enough attention. There are two natural forms of vitamin K, phylloquinone (K1), and menaquinone (K2). K1 helps with blood clotting by activating the calcium-binding properties of proteins in the blood, and K2 regulates that calcium. While your dog needs vitamin K1 added to their diet, K2 is created by the bacteria already in their gut.
This vitamin is sometimes suggested as a way to help prevent osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. Vitamin K, specifically vitamin is also commonly used to help treat canines that swallow anticoagulants like rat poison.
Human Multivitamins vs. Dog Multivitamins
Humans and canines do not have the same needs when it comes to vitamins and minerals. Our systems handle vitamins very differently and require different amounts of supplementation. Multivitamins for humans are developed for humans, not for dogs, and they can be dangerous to our canine companions.
Most multivitamins developed for humans, and tend to include close to 100% of your dietary needs in each vitamin. Canine multivitamins, on the other hand, were developed with only about 20% of their dietary needs, because they should already be getting the bulk of the vitamins they need in their food. Providing a human multivitamin to a dog is likely to lead to a dangerous overdose, most commonly of vitamin D or Iron.
Multivitamins that were designed for people may also have additional supplements that are just fine for our health but may be dangerous for our canine companions. Supplements that are dangerous to your dog that may be included in human multivitamins include caffeine, ephedra, fluoride, and xylitol.
Additional Supplements in Dog Multivitamins
Most multivitamins will include a combination of the vitamins listed above, but some will include other components as well. Some of the more common additional supplements include choline, MSM, glucosamine, chondroitin, and omega fatty acids.
Choline is closely related to the Vitamin B’s and is needed to properly transmit nerve impulses, and helps to ensure that the liver and gallbladder are functioning properly. It has also seen some success as a supplement to reduce seizure activity in canines.
Supplements that include this nutrient have been used as a treatment for certain neurological disorders in humans, such as Alzheimer’s or Tourette’s Syndrome, and for the canine equivalent, Canine Cognitive Dysfunction.
Canine Cognitive Dysfunction is a real struggle for pet parents with aging canines. It affects somewhere around 28% – 32% of the canine population over the age of 11 and over 68% of dogs in the 15 to 16 year old range and above.
MSM and Chondroitin
Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a form of sulfur that is sometimes used to treat arthritis and other inflammation issues. It exists in most plant and animal matter, but it is easily destroyed by the kind of heat used to form kibble for dog food.
Chondroitin is considered to be a building block of cartilage and is often recommended for dogs with damaged joints. Not only is chondroitin a useful way to help support animals with chronic conditions, such as arthritis and hip dysplasia, it is also helpful for repairing damaged joints after an injury.
Glucosamine is one of the most well-known and commonly used canine supplements for arthritis and joint pain. It is a component of both the cartilage in the joints and the synovial fluid that surrounds them, and adding glucosamine supplements to your aching or aging dog’s diet may give them some relief. Studies of glucosamine have revealed no adverse effects at high doses, although there may be the occasional exception. It is important to note that some products with glucosamine may also contain additional ingredients, such as manganese, which may be toxic at higher doses.
Glucosamine is often paired with either MSM or chondroitin, and occasionally all three are found in one supplement. If you’re specifically looking to treat a dog with joint issues, if may be best to look at specifically formulated joint supplements.
Omega Fatty Acids
Omega fatty acids, made up of Omega-3s and Omega-6s extracted from fish oil and flaxseed oil, are extremely beneficial for almost any canine. They have been proven to have an overall anti-inflammatory effect, making them useful for disorders from skin allergies to heart conditions. While more study is needed, these fatty acids may be beneficial in preventing and treating other disorders such as diabetic neuropathy, autoimmune disorders, and idiopathic epilepsy.
Many multivitamin options also have vital minerals included in their recipes. Ensuring that our pets have the right amount of minerals at the right times in their lives can not only be extended but also improved.
Calcium is essential to the canine diet. While calcium is best known for its bone-building and strengthening capabilities, it is also crucial to the functioning of several other systems. Calcium is used by cells as a messenger, facilitating the contraction of muscles, including involuntary muscles like the heart.
Female dogs require more calcium in their diets during pregnancy and nursing, dogs with damaged parathyroid glands or kidney disorders may also need additional calcium in their diets. Deficiencies in calcium can lead to a softening of the bones, known as rickets when it occurs in young dogs and osteomalacia in mature canines.
This mineral works hand-in-hand with calcium—improving the bone structure and increasing cell energy. Imbalances in phosphorus and calcium can lead to either hyperparathyroidism or hypoparathyroidism, both of which can cause permanent skeletal damage.
Senior dogs require less phosphorus in their diet. Increasing the amount of phosphorus in their diet may make some age-related health conditions worse.
Magnesium is essential for the proper functioning of the heart and a lack of this mineral can lead to several uncomfortable symptoms. Deficiencies can lead to symptoms ranging from fatigue and anxiety to heart arrhythmias. Magnesium supplements are also sometimes recommended as a way to manage constipation and certain urinary issues.
Types of Multivitamins
The majority of multivitamins on the market today come in a chewable tablet form. It is usually a well-received form and the chewable variety gives the vitamins a better chance of being absorbed into the bloodstream as it travels through the shorter canine intestine—but it still takes time to be digested, and not all dogs are fond of the texture.
Dogs who have sensitive stomachs and regurgitate frequently as they may not be getting the vitamins that they need and dogs that successfully refuse to eat the tablets definitely won’t get the vitamins that they need. Soft, chewable multivitamins that come in a variety of flavors are great for tempting that picky eater, although they still have to be digested before they are effective.
The Flavor Factor
Some dogs will eat anything that you offer to them while others have very narrow taste preferences. If your dog happens to be a picky eater, you may need to try several varieties of multivitamins before you find one that delights their tastebuds. If you have only found out that your canine companion is banning all things tablet-shaped, but you already bought a thirty-day supply, don’t toss them. Wrap them in something your dog loves the taste of and watch them gobble it down.
There are a lot of factors to consider when choosing a multivitamin for your canine companion. The first question, of course, is simple. Does your dog need a multivitamin? If the answer is yes, make sure you consult your veterinarian before making your final choice. Find out which vitamins your particular dog needs more of, and which ones they should avoid.
Augusta Free Press: https://augustafreepress.com/pet-care-101-are-supplements-safe-for-your-dogs/
Medline Plus: https://medlineplus.gov/bvitamins.html
US National Library of Medicine: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2705925/
VCA Hospitals: https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/fatty-acid-supplements
NextGen Dog: https://nextgendog.com/vitamins-dogs-benefits-side-effects/
Merck Veterinary Manual: https://www.merckvetmanual.com/dog-owners/bone,-joint,-and-muscle-disorders-of-dogs/disorders-associated-with-calcium,-phosphorus,-and-vitamin-d-in-dogs
MSD Veterinary Manual: https://www.msdvetmanual.com/toxicology/toxicities-from-human-drugs/multivitamins-and-iron-toxicity
National Animal Supplement Counsel: https://nasc.cc/pet-university/calcium-deficiency-dogs/, https://nasc.cc/pet-university/thiamine-deficiency-dogs/
US Food and Drug Administration: https://www.fda.gov/animal-veterinary/animal-health-literacy/complete-and-balanced-pet-food
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